Predominance of blaKPC carbapenemase gene in multi-drug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from ICUs and surgical wards in Egypt

Document Type : Original Article


1 Medical Microbiology and Immunology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, Minia, Egypt

2 Botany and Microbiology, Department, Faculty of Science, Beni-Suef University, Beni Suef, Egypt

3 Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef University, Beni Suef, Egypt

4 Microbiology and Immunology Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Minia University, Minia, Egypt.


Background:  The last-resort classes of antibiotics with the best success in treating severe Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) infections caused by drug-resistant P. aeruginosa are carbapenems. So, we aimed to assess the frequency of carbapenem-resistant genes in P. aeruginosa. Methods: Samples isolated from critically ill patients at Intensive Care Units (ICUs) and surgical wards in Minia, Egypt were examined for imipenem-resistance phenotypically by Modified Hodge test (MHT) and Modified carbapenem inactivation method (mCIM) test and genotypically by PCR. Results: Fifty isolates (64%) of P. aeruginosa were resistant to carbapenems (imipenem and meropenem), of which: 16 (32%) were (MHT) positive and 26 (52 %) were (mCIM)-positive. Regarding resistance genes, blaIMP, blaVIM, and blaKPC were detected in 14%, 20%, and 48% of the carbapenem resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (CRPA) isolates; respectively, while blaGIM, blaSIM, blaNDM-1 and blaSPM-1 were not detected.  Conclusion: There is a high prevalence of multi-drug resistant (MDR) strains of P. aeruginosa. Doctors should pay attention to carbapenem resistance. mCIM test was much more sensitive than MHT for phenotypic detection of CRPA isolates. blaKPC gene was the most frequently detected gene.


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