Investigating the etiological agents of urinary tracts infection in diabetic patients in inpatients and outpatients

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Microbiology, Gorgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Gorgan, Iran


Background: Patients who suffer from diabetes are more exposed to urinary tract infections than normal people. The high percentage of urinary tract infections can be attributed to these people. The purpose of this research is to compare the rate of urinary tract infection in inpatient and outpatient diabetic patients with non-diabetic inpatient and outpatient patients. Methods: The statistical population of the present study consisted of diabetic patients; for this purpose, sampling of 200 diabetic patients (100 inpatients and 100 outpatients) as the experimental group and 200 non-diabetic patients (100 inpatients and 100 outpatients) as the control group. The witness was done. Sampling was done from the entire statistical population in fasting and non-fasting conditions. Fasting sugar level, non-fasting sugar level, sugar level two hours after breakfast, HbA1C test, urine test, and urine culture were measured. In order to analyze the data, SPSS software was used. Results: The present study showed that the rate of urinary infection in people with diabetes (outpatient-hospitalized) is higher than in non-diabetic patients (outpatient-hospitalized). It was noticed that the rate of urinary infection in inpatient diabetic patients (male and female) was higher than that of outpatients, and urinary infection in women with diabetes (outpatient-inpatient) was more than that of male patients with diabetes. Conclusion: Based on the findings of the present study, the higher level of blood sugar and HbA1C in diabetic patients causes an increase in urinary tract infections rate, and urinary tract infections are more common in hospitalized diabetic patients than in outpatient diabetic patients, and this rate is higher in diabetic women than in diabetic men. The results showed that diabetic people are prone to urinary tract infection, which is more common in women than in men.


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