Document Type : Original Article
Endemic Medicine and Hepatogastroenterology department, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt
Internal Medicine Department, Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
Pulmonary Medicine department, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt.
Psychiatry department, Faculty of medicine, Cairo University, Egypt
Public health and Community Medicine department, faculty of medicine, Cairo University, Egypt.
Clinical and Chemical Pathology department, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University,Egypt.
Background: COVID-19 has a serious impact on mental well-being. The rapid spread of the pandemic, effects of quarantine or isolation, financial and physical burden of the disease caused a general state of anxiety, stress, and depression. This study aimed to screen for anxiety, stress, depression, and insomnia among patients suffering from mild or moderate COVID-19. Methods: This observational cross-sectional analytical study was conducted on 203 COVID-19 patients who attended the COVID-19 outpatient clinic in Kasr Al-Ainy hospital, Egypt, in a time frame from July 2020 to February 2021. They were subjected to: full history, examination, imaging and Psychometric tools. Results: Majority of the included patients (203) were 30 years of age and less (27.6 %). Most of the patients had extremely severe depression, anxiety and stress (65%, 77.8% & 48.3% respectively), while insomnia was moderate to severe in 36 % of the sample. Myalgia was the most common complaint among all patients. Anxiety, stress and depression were positively correlated with insomnia severity index score (P= 0.014), statistically negative correlation was found between chronic illness and history of chest disease with insomnia severity index (p=0.038). Conclusion: Depression, anxiety and stress were remarkably high among our patients, while insomnia was moderate to severe in 36 % of the sample.