Document Type : Original Article
Gharb El-Niel College-Sudan
Dar ALaloum College-Sudan
Ahfad University for Women
Background: Diarrheal disease is a major health problem throughout the world,and is responsible for high morbidity and mortality among children,especially in developing countries. Objectives: This study aimed to identify frequency of common aerobic bacteria causing diarrhea among children, by using stool culture and to determine the antibiotic susceptibility patterns of the isolated bacterial species. Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study performed in Omdurman Pediatric hospital. It was carried out in the period from April- November 2022. It included children with diarrhea disease ranged between 2-5 years old attending Omdurman pediatric hospital. A total of 60 samples were collected from children aged 2 - 5 years old, the swabs from the stool were inoculated on Carry-Blair medium, and the swab was then cultured on Xylose Lysine Deoxycholate Agar (XLD) and deoxycholate citrate agar (DCA) media and incubated in 37 °C for 24 hours. Results: Result showed that, Salmonella species isolates were (3.3%), Shigella (16.7%), Yersinia enterocolitica (4.8%), and the other Coliform (45%). E.coli isolates representing (30.2%), were tested for sorbitol fermentation, for all isolates should negative findings. Conclusions: The study concluded that the pathogens frequently associated with diarrhea in children were Shigella, Yersinia enterocolitica, and Salmonella, respectively.