COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy in Pakistan: An Analysis of Challenges and Mitigations

Document Type : Mini-review article


1 Department of Zoology, Government Graduate College Pattoki (Kasur), Punjab, Pakistan.

2 Department of Zoology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan

3 Department of Zoology, University of the Central Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan

4 Department of Zoology, Government Graduate College for Woman, Samanabad, Lahore, Pakistan.


Vaccination hesitancy is strong and widespread in many parts of the world, especially in low and middle-income countries. At the time of current Covid-19 pandemic, vaccination is crucial to limit the spread of SARS-CoV-2.So, beside development and access of the vaccine, it is necessary to make the general public ready to get vaccinated. Due to various conspiracy theories circulating on social media, the mass proportion may show Covid-19 vaccination hesitancy in Pakistan.This study recommends that health care authorities should take necessary steps to stop the penetration of these false claims about the Covid-19 vaccination campaign in Pakistan. It also recommends strategies to combat Covid-19 vaccine hesitancy through electronic media, strict measures from healthcare authorities, and engaging local communities. Religious and cultural barriers should be strongly addressed to vaccination in people of different ethnic groups. 


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